Assonances / Dissonances Between Epidemies Legionella Pneumophila/COVID-19


International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy

Sergio Perini, ATS Health Protection Agency of Brescia, Basic Medicin Service, International Society of Doctors for the Environment, Brescia, Italy

We want to make a comparison by finding similarities and dissonances between a Legionella epidemic of 2018 and the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020. The clinical and statistical differences of 2 phenomena are highlighted: the Legionella epidemic has affected an area of about 60,000 citizens south of the province of Brescia (Italy) It should be remembered that from the data of the Brescia ATS this epidemiological cluster was characterized by 1017 cases of Legionella Pneumonphila of serotypes 1,2,14: 878 cases with access to the Emergency room and 139 cases treated at home by General Practitioners. There were 11 deaths in the 7 municipalities concerned (Montichiari, Carpenedolo, Calvisano, Remedello, Acquafredda, Isorella, Visano) with a death rate of 19.3 x 100,000 compared to the rate of 6.1 x 100,000 of the rest of the ATS with a statistically significant index. The COVID-19 first reported in Wuhan. The official data of the Italian Ministry on the pandemic as of June 6, 2022 are as follows. In Italy: 17,500,000 infected, 167,000 died. In the World: 524,878,000 infected, 6,283,110 died. Legionella Pneumophila and COVID-19 are similar clinical situations for airborne transmission but with completely different etiopathogenesis. From local situation to a global situation. Hence the need to have a circular and holistic approach to health and the great responsibility of the Doctors in raising awareness among the political class and the population on maintaining a correct balance of the various environmental matrices.